An agreement to do an impossible act in itself is a null and void. (5) Legal action can be taken to assess the situation and determine whether or not the contract is in nullity. (a) The law makes the delivery impossible. Once the agreement is reached, the country`s law can also make a change, rendering the promisor powerless in fulfilling its commitment. In these circumstances, he is excused for not respecting his part of the promise. Although a contract is not valid at the time of creation, it may be invalidated by other factors. New laws may come into force, resulting in a contract being immediately invalidated. Information that was previously unknown to the parties to the contract may also cancel the contract. Since all contracts are unique, it is often difficult to judge their validity. The inability to perform an act does not impose any obligation or obligation on the parties. Section 56 of the Act declares such a contract void. This section reads: Figure: A director of a tram company has agreed to be bound by the current month`s chief operating officer in the event of a violation of the rules. The agreement has been maintained in force.
Section 36 of the Partnership Act allows the remaining partners to prevent the outgoing partner from opening similar stores within a specific locality, provided the restrictions are appropriate. Similarly, Section 54 of the Partnership Act stipulates that, in the event of the dissolution of the partnership, all partners can enter into a similar agreement allowing them to limit themselves to the opening of a transaction similar to that of the dissolved social society. Another common reason for a non-contract is the impossibility of delivery. This occurs when an aspect of the contract can no longer be executed by one of the parties. After an in-depth analysis of all paragraphs relating to the unborn agreements, it can be inferred that the Indian Contract Act attempted to prohibit treaties that are either contrary to public order, immoral, or that directly violated the fundamental rights enshrined in the Indian Constitution. Any agreement by which a person is deterred from practising a profession, a legitimate industrial or commercial activity is, in this respect, not concluded. This section applies only if the restriction imposed on the party is that the right to bring an action is "absolute", i.e. an agreement completely prevents a party from pursuing its remedies, then it is the only one to be concluded by Section 28, but if an agreement has a partial restriction, it is considered a valid agreement.  Empty agreements are agreements that are not enforced by the courts.